Humanity has always strived to preserve the beauty and youthfulness of the body, often using means that did more harm than help. Modern cosmetology has gone far ahead, and today, in order to look perfect, it is not at all necessary to agree to unsafe procedures with a possible risk of adverse reactions. Fillers are actively used to eliminate many aesthetic imperfections of the face and body skin - unique gels based on synthetic components, which are injected into the tissues and give a visible corrective result after several sessions.
Going to the contouring procedure, it is important to understand how fillers differ from each other, and why cosmetologists prefer different drugs in one case or another. More on this later in the article.
What are fillers and why are they needed?
Several decades ago, fillers came into injectable cosmetology - dermal fillers that perfectly cope with age-related or acquired changes in the skin and are an effective alternative to surgery. Like a plastic surgeon's scalpel, fillers help eliminate creases and folds, fill all voids and irregularities in the skin relief, replenish the volume of thinned areas, eliminate scars and other external defects on the skin of the face or body (acne, atrophic scars, rosacea, age spots).
Injection filler correction has become a real breakthrough in the world of aesthetic medicine, it has a number of obvious advantages:
- does not require deep surgical intervention in the tissue;
- the recovery period takes only a few days;
- performed on an outpatient basis without the need for a long hospital stay and the use of general anesthesia;
- allows you to quickly and effortlessly get rid of signs of aging and eliminate external skin imperfections;
- has not only a corrective effect but stimulates tissues to restore and regenerate, fills them with a sufficient amount of moisture, triggers the active synthesis of elastin and collagen fibers.
Dermal filler types and their differences
All subcutaneous fillers are usually divided into three large groups:
- biodegradable (do not dissolve in tissues),
- biodegradable (excreted from the body after the expiration date),
- autologous (produced from a person's own tissue).
Fillers, which do not possess biodegradability properties, are composed of fully synthetic components (silicone, polyacrylamide gel, polymethyl methacrylate). The main advantage of these fillers is that they retain a long-term visual effect and are completely safe for the body in terms of the absence of allergic proteins and pathogenic toxins in their composition. However, the use of these implants is often accompanied by serious adverse reactions due to the impossibility of removing them after insertion, which often leads to the formation of various types of seals and inflammation in the connective tissue. Injection of non-absorbable fillers is appropriate in patients with severe post-traumatic skin defects, with lipoatrophy in HIV-infected people and over the age of 35, when the intensity of metabolic processes decreases, and hence the risk of associated complications.
Biodegradable fillers make up the largest group of injectable fillers that remain at the injection site for a certain time, on average 6-18 months, and then are gradually excreted naturally through the exocrine glands. This category includes gels based on biochemical compounds native to the dermis - hyaluronic acid, calcium hydroxyapatite, collagen, polylactic acid. These substances are present in sufficient quantities in the body and are perfectly adapted by human tissues, which rarely gives a negative immune response or causes allergies with serious complications. These fillers are produced by leading European, American and Asian pharmacological groups and are excellent at dealing with almost any skin problem that was previously only possible with hardware procedures and plastic surgery. This is the correction of age-related changes (wrinkles and folds), and the replenishment of the tissue volume and the harmonious contour of the face lost for various reasons, and the elimination of scars and scars of different etiology, and the fight against various dermatitis and aesthetic defects (acne, rosacea, pigmentation, striae).
Additional advantages of these fillers include immediate results, outpatient procedures without the need for a hospital stay with the introduction of general anesthesia, a minimum of adverse reactions and a short recovery period. Among the disadvantages of injecting biodegradable fillers is a limited period of action, which requires repeated administration of the drug to prolong the achieved result, possible rare complications in the form of granulomas, erythema, Tyndall effect, contouring of certain areas of the face, which is eliminated by a timely appeal to a specialized specialist.
Autologous fillers are among the most natural and safe correctors for patients, as they are made from a person's own tissue, which is taken from a healthy area of the dermis and transplanted into the problem area. This type of contouring provides a shorter lasting effect but can cope with serious skin damage. Given the little experience of cosmetologists in carrying out such procedures, it is impossible to fully predict the result and possible risks, which is a significant disadvantage of this type of filler.
Fillers are real helpers for our skin, which in the hands of a skilled and competent specialist will return beauty and youth as comfortably, quickly, and painlessly as possible for the patient. The main thing is to entrust yourself to the hands of a knowledgeable and experienced doctor who understands the incredible number of drugs on the market and will be able to choose the best remedy in each case.